Helpful Insights on Choosing Cemetery Grave markers

The attempt to acquire the best available grave marker for the cemetery you bought is the most complicated thing you may undertake. The choices the industry offers are truly vast. Still, remembering the points given below will safeguard you from ill-considered decisions.

Choosing cemetery grave markers

Do the following to make sure that you make wise choices when buying a grave marker.

Contact the cemetery in question
The cemetery of your choice will have its own rules and regulations in place with regard to the grave markers to be installed there. While some may impose restrictions on the color or design, others will be more concerned of the size. Irrespective of the scenario, cemeteries in general require extra charge for huge headstones. Choose a color and design which the deceased may appreciate. If you want a large stone with markers for every member in a family, you should make sure that it is allowed in the graveyard you choose. Do not take a final decision before determining the same.

Be careful in etchings
An etching is a drawing made on the stone. You can draw anything here; human beings or animal. You can also use it to scratch shapes of flowers. When doing the same, take care to ensure that the material is dark granite. Lighter variants may not offer the contrast you desire.

Make error-free inscriptions
Make sure that you proofread the inscriptions carefully before giving the final approval. Know that once inscribed, the writings remain permanent on the stone. Trying to correct the error later may damage the monument. The best thing to do is to entrust the task with a professional. The inscriptions are generally placed inside frozen panels or in the form of books.

Go for a marker with a base
You can either buy a plain stone as a grave marker or the one with a base. The base may cost a bit. But, going for it will help you protect it from lawn maintenance weapons. It will also prevent the monument from tripping for any reason. Spend a bit; the grave marker you buy will stay there for years to come.

Do a thorough research
If you wish, you can buy the headstone from the cemetery itself. However, understand that this is not a must. You can get it from an online store or a reliable dealer in your locality. If you decide to go online, take a final decision only after checking the reputation and safety of the company of your choice.

Decide upon the cost of installation
The cemetery you choose will charge you extra for the cost of installation and maintenance. Some may even require extra payment for permanent maintenance. But, you don’t have to yield to any pressure tactics. If the price goes beyond your budgetComputer Technology Articles, check in your locality. There are many headstone designers willing to help consumers install the markers they manufacture.

Latest in Cremation Options

Beginning Persians and Phoenicians cremated their deceased and in Historic Greece and Rome, incineration was seen as a military honor. At this article you can inform yourself on just a basic things but if you need detailed info about this topic contact Old Mission Oceanside Cemetery and cemetery staff will help you determine all needed to decide properly.

Cremation is an alternative to earth burial. More and more people around the world are opting for cremation. In many countries the concept of cremation is steadily replacing the common practice of burial. Cremation process is totally different of burials and open funeral activities; here in this case the deceased body is carried to the specially made cremation chambers where the body is burnt to ashes by exposing to high levels of heat. These ashes are collected in specially made urns to handover to the relatives.

Some people want to use the option of having their ashes spread in a specific way or a certain area. If this is the choice you plan to make you want to be sure that you make the arrangements ahead of time so that your loved ones do not have to. In some cases people will plan out their final services using the options for cremation and funeral service before their time has come.

In terms of financials, burials or open cremation needed some or all of these: brick, mortar and plot of land – which increased the total cost. But with the cremation services they are not required. Here are some things to take care of:

Ordering casket with or without decoration
Decorations, candles, music, content and memoirs at the memory service
Arranging for cremation memorial service
Cremation process photos: photo or video shoot to make photo or video album with the whole cremation process
Transport facilities arrangement if required
Dipping urn filled with ashes in nearby seas
Inviting guests and arranging food stuff and more.
Compared to other funeral activities and burials cremation costs much less. How much does a cremation cost is the first question that arises while opting for cremation services. Normally cremation costs depend on the types of services we choose. To get the best possible cremation service, be sure to take time to visit different funeral homes and talk to the staff. See how responsive they are to your needs.

If you need pre planning ideas and advices for California Cemetery visit Old Mission Cemetery. Founded in 1798Free Web Content, is the oldest cemetery in San Diego that is still in operation. Old Mission San Luis Rey Cemetery is a sanctuary offering peace of mind for you and your loved ones. Contact them affordable San Diego funeral services.

Choosing a Cemetery

Professions for cemeteries

An officer of a church who responsibility is maintaining the surroundings of a cemetery.
A person who digs graves
A funeral Director or an undertaker or a mortician who is engaged in the profession of funeral rituals.
A Stone Mason
A mortuary or a funeral home or a funeral parlor, a profession that gives funeral and also burial services for the dead and their family members.
Planning out your Memorial stone Elegy and Poetries

Modern cemeteries often include crematoria. After having decided upon the kind of tombstone and the design, you need to think carefully at least twice about what you wish to be carved or written as an elegy on the tombstone or cemetery and it should be as personalized as you wish the cemetery to be. The full name and the dates of birth as well as the death of the deceased person is a must. What else needs to be added depends totally on the personal opinion of the family members. While choosing a cemetery, always ask for a full price list of all future and also immediate charges, like- gravesite digging, burial vaults etc. There should be a bench for visitors to sit in all the cemeteries.

10 Types of Cemetery

Religious Cemeteries – They are non-profitable cemeteries owned by a religious organization.
Lawn Cemetery – Here, grasses grows over the cemetery themselves. 10–15 cm) raised solid slabs are placed across the cemetery.
Public Cemeteries – The most common type of cemeteries are the public cemeteries that are found through local funeral homes or online. Unlike- Religious cemeteries, they are for-profit cemeteries and are owned either corporately or independently.
Pet Cemetery or Family Cemetery – They are private cemeteries in America. Most people bury a beloved pet on the family property and so it is also known as Pet Cemetery. The Cimetière des Chiens et Autres Animaux Domestiques located in the north-west suburb of Paris in France is believed to be the first pet cemetery in the world.
Municipal or District Cemeteries – District or municipal cemeteries are non-profitable cemeteries owned by the city or province, especially in American cities.
Arabian Tribal Cemeteries meant only for the Saudi Arabs.
Monumental cemetery- A traditional style of cemetery, like- Monumental Cemetery of Staglieno in Genoa in Italy, where tombstones or other monuments made of granite, marble, granite rise around 50cms to 2metres high vertically above the ground . Often the entire grave is covered by a concrete slab, but it can also be of more expensive materials like- granite or marble.
Green Burial Grounds or “Eco- Friendly cemetery- Here, green coffins and green tombstones are required.
Veteran’s or Natural Cemetery-They are state-run cemeteries for the burial of retired soldiers and their families. Burial in a veterans’ cemetery includes- a tombstone, a plot, a perpetual care, the opening and closing of the grave, and military honors without any charge.
Garden or Rural Cemetery- Rural or Garden cemeteries are not necessarily beyond the city limits and looked like attractive parks because of its landscape looks like a park-like setting. They are mainly located on the outskirts of the town in Europe. When land within a city could be found, the cemetery was surrounded with a wall to give it a garden-like quality. The first rural or garden cemetery in U.S.A. was Mount Auburn CemeteryComputer Technology Articles, located near Boston.

Indonesia Cemetery Complex Tours

Cemetery complex has its very own fascination to the travelers and holidaymakers. Fantastic history, tradition, religious beliefs and contemporary society standpoint panorama gorgeous area help to make memorial service visited by means of visitors. Cemetery is well put together and clear for making this pilgrims help to make this Characters Cemetery in addition to places of interest.

“Indonesia Cemetery Complex Tours have powerful possible to be a vacationer fascination, inch said Representative Normal regarding Tourism Marketing and advertising in the Ministry regarding Tourism and Inventive Economic climate ( Kemenparekraf ) throughout speak to this florist jakarta.Not just meneteng blooms for pilgrimage, they was getting lunch to eat together with his family. They will propagate this sleeping pad within the the front webpage in the burial place sophisticated main character. Inside the Ministry regarding Tourism and Inventive Economic climate, travel tombs or perhaps graves have been acknowledged due to the fact very long that may be labeled to be a pilgrimage tour. Nevertheless unfortunately, this applicable city has not been far too dedicated to this tourist possible with this 1. Many possible burial place and so interesting vacationer fascination if the authorities is happy to pay attention more within the make any difference.
Really, as outlined by Farid, pilgrimage tourist is certainly known. Nevertheless a lot of the trips are usually similar with the religious beliefs regarding Islam and from the property regarding Java. In truth, pilgrimage tour is also completed throughout other areas, by means of persons regarding additional faiths.”Christian Community along with the Chinese persons furthermore often produce a pilgrimage tour an individual know” said Farid. Your Roscoe community to journey to Flores journeyed pilgrimage and bring rangkaian bunga dukacita. While the Chinese community in order to Semarang pilgrimage, Bangka or perhaps Pontianak. They will journeyed very well carry out this schedule.
Samarinda City could have a unique cemetery clergy and Habib. Your memorial service is going to be immediately a spot regarding strict tourist to the community Samarinda. Your cemetery is among Samarinda Town Federal system which usually really is this requirement in the builder.
Later the many memorial service is going to be set up once more by means of city, in addition to memorial service Lempake Edge is going to be assistance by means of fund spending budget change this coming year. Many of us built a pilgrimage for the grave in the pious purpose just isn’t to find wishes from your grave, yet we pray that exist from the burial place. In order that it must not be considered shirkArticle Search, due to the fact solely strict tourist program.The final goal so that you can honor this teachings and lawyer in the clergy along with the habib. To be honest My partner and i often help to make pilgrimages to eat this students outside the location. So bunga ucapan duka cita is thus we on purpose set up unique memorial service.

The Orphan Girl at the cemetery

The Orphan Girl at the cemetery is a painting by the romantic French artist Eugène Delacroix, who has been regarded as the leader of the French Romantic School.

The Orphan Girl at the cemetery is a painting by the romantic French artist Eugène Delacroix, who has been regarded as the leader of the French Romantic School. Traditionally, the academic art painters always use precise lines to draw the outline of objective, use modeled forms to show the space, however, he emphasizes on use of color and movement to show these. Delacroix is preoccupied with study of the optical effects of color which is made use of by the Impressionists.
His central themes is always a little bit dramatic sometimes romantic. He used to travel to North Africa to find exotic. In addition, he cares about reality and produces several paintings reminding people of the cruelty of war.
Viewers always regard Orphan Girl at the Cemetery as a practice of Delacroix before he paint the masterpiece Massacre at Chios. However, in this picture, using of color and movement has achieved perfect. In the background, no smoke or fire, no fight, no chaos, no casualties, Delacroix use impressive brushstroke of blue, white and popcorn to depict the sky with a little melancholy, the trees in gray green add to this melancholy. It seems the sky has witnessed fight and war or it will see these happen. This painting does not seem so sad if we don’t watch expression in the young lady’s eyes.
The expression in the young lady’s eyes has a strong hold on the viewers. Different from other female portraiture, the young lady turn her head looking to the right, someplace involved in riot or someone trapped in a fight. She looks a little bit upward in order to prevent tears from rolling down her cheek. An air of despair and fear come out of the picture. The color of the young lady’s attire is similar to that of the backgroundFree Web Content, which adding to the atmosphere of fearfulness and hopelessness.

Cahokia Mounds and the Mother Jones Monument in Illinois

Drove the opposite direction to Cahokia Mounds, an UNESCO site. This was the largest city, about 20,00 inhabitants, North of Mexico. It flourished from about 1100 AD to 1400 AD when it died out. What remain today are many mounds, which served as elevations for temples, royal housing, and tombs. The largest is Monk’s Mound, fourteen acres at its base and one hundred feet high. The Mississippian Indians build it and the other mounds by carrying the dirt in baskets. The primary occupation of the citizens was agriculture. They also employed potters, metal workers, and other artisans. The only thing they did not have is a written language. No one knows why the city was abandoned.

On the way back home a sign fascinated us for Mother Jones’ Monument. Of course we had to investigate. We followed the signs, which lead us to a small cemetery outside of Mt. Olive, IL. At the Union Miner Cemetery was a monument dedicated to Mary Harris (Mother) Jones. Born in 1830 in Ireland, she came to the USA and was a seamstress in Chicago. She married. Her husband and children died in Memphis, TN in 1867 from disease. She saw the poverty of the people in Chicago while working as a seamstress for the rich patrons on Lake Shore Drive. She devoted her life to helping the poor immigrants receive fair pay for their wages. Since Illinois was a heavy mining area for coal she took up the cause of the miners rights to strike for better working conditions.

She traveled the country from Pennsylvania to Colorado organizing and stirring up the workers. Short in stature, she was a firebrand when she ascended the podium. All eyes riveted on her when she spoke in her deep voice. As her emotions grew stronger her voice deepened more. In 1905 she helped found the IWW and was instrumental in forming the Socialist Workers Party. She was on the staff of the UAW, quit, but came back later when she felt that the union’s policies had improved. She died at the age of 100 years in 1930 and was buried with her beloved miners in the cemetery.

Happy Memorial Day: God Bless America’s Troops

My God! How little do my countrymen know what precious blessings they are in possession of, and which no other people on earth enjoy! ~Thomas Jefferson

I like writing early in the morning. Almost as much as I like sitting on a balcony overlooking the ocean with a cup of hot tea! So glad you can share a few minutes with me…

In the cemetery business, May is like December’s Christmas rush. For Memorial Day, everything has to be perfect, or as close as it can be. Every weed gone, every blade of grass cut, every shrub pruned. Not an easy task with spring rains and late season freezes in our part of the country. It’s also just two weeks after Mother’s Day, the second busiest weekend of the year.

Most everyone will take a ‘trip’ on Memorial Day weekend – to place flowers on the graves of loved ones and dear friends. Memorial Day is not only the unofficial beginning of summer – picnics, vacations, sunshine and down-time – it’s also the one weekend of the year dedicated to memories. It’s important to remember, however, that the holiday is intended to honor those who gave their lives in service to our nation. Here’s a bit of its history:

General John Logan, a Major General in the Union Army during the Civil War, is credited as the founder of Memorial Day. After the war, Gen. Logan resumed his seat in Congress. On May 5th 1868, Logan issued a proclamation to observe “Decoration Day” across America.

May 30th was chosen for the observance because it was not the anniversary of any Civil War battle. Twenty-seven states participated that first year. Most southern states refused to acknowledge the ‘union’ holiday for more than a decade. Instead, they held similar ceremonies on a separate day for their Confederate heroes.

By World War I, Decoration Day honored US veterans from any war. The holiday officially became “Memorial Day” in 1967 by Federal law. A year later, it moved to a floating date, the last Monday in May. Part of the national observance includes a ‘moment of remembrance’ at 3:00 p.m.

As you plan picnics, visit ancestors, and share your weekend with friends and family, take a few minutes to honor those who have preserved our lifestyle and heritage across the generations.

Fly a flag! Keep it aloft through September 11th and Veteran’s Day (Nov. 11th). If your flag is weathered, now is the perfect time to replace it. (Check with local veterans’ organizations to dispose of your tattered flag properly.)

Attend a Memorial Day observance. There is no more appropriate time to clap and cheer for our military heroes.

Take a flower or two from the bouquets you’re placing and put it on a nearby veteran’s grave. Even better, buy an extra bouquet for a veteran’s undecorated gravesite. They’re easy to find in American cemeteries – just look for the flags!

Say a prayer for the soldiers and families who are currently serving around the world.

Make a donation to a troop support project like USO or Support Our Troops.

Ask a veteran about their experiences. Many of those vital memories are lost with the deaths of our veterans. If you can, record their remembrances on tape or video-cam.

Walk through the cemeteries that you visit, and take a moment to appreciate the history and heritage preserved in those sacred grounds.

This is your opportunity to say ‘thank you’ to the many who serve and have served in our US Armed Forces. Let’s re-adopt the traditions of ‘Decoration Day’ and make them the focus of Memorial Day weekend. God bless and protect our troops and their families, and God bless America.

For more information on developing life skills, better relationships, and becoming the best YOU possible, visit http://www.seebecksolutions.com and sign up to receive your FREE subscription to “What Matters Most”, a weekly ezine of inspiration, motivation and humor from a Christian perspective.

Arlington Attractions – Robert E Lee Memorial House

Arlington County is a part of the Virginia state and is located directly across the Potomac River in the proximity of Washington D.C.They are connected to each other with several highway and railroad bridges and also one tunnel beneath the river.

Arlington is a meeting place for history and fun.The history of this city is closely linked with that of Washington.It was part of the original Federal City designed by Pierre L’Enfant.It is many a time said that Arlington is either the “Biggest Small Town” or the “Smallest Big City”, which ever way you perceive it to be.

The neighborhoods are fondly called the Urban Villages and include a mix of high-rise structures and the turn of the century homes.There are also high-end shopping malls and exclusive boutiques, best places to enjoy fine dining and lots of fun places to visit and cherish.

Arlington has 11 Metro shops and pedestrian friendly neighborhoods which makes cars a distant option.Visitors can access any place in Arlington with the minimum of hassle and saving up on time.

There are plenty of hotels and motels in the city which provide the best amenities and a world class service.Most of these lodging options are located near the major city attractions.

There are plenty of places worth visiting in Arlington.Some of these exude a historical solace while others showcase the more modern events in the country.Some of the most prominent attractions in Arlington include The Arlington National Cemetery, The Robert E.Lee Memorial, Marine Corps War Memorial (Iwo Jima), The Air Force Memorial, and the most famous The Pentagon (US Department of the State).

The Robert E.Lee Memorial: Arlington House was built by George Washington Parke Custis and his slaves between 1802 and 1818.It was later converted into a National Memorial and named after its last resident General Robert E.Lee whose wife Mary Custis had inherited it from her great grandfather George Washington.The Lees raised seven of their children in this home.Over the years it has served many purposes from being a home to the Head Quarters of the Union Soldiers.It was meant to be a monument dedicated to George Washington and also housed the community for the emancipated slaves.The area surrounding the house is now part of the National Cemetery.

The memorial is furnished as it was when the Lee family resided here.
Arlington National Cemetery: This is one of the most significant landmarks of the Arlington County.The cemetery is a shrine dedicated to the thousands of men and women who have given up their lives for the country since the Civil Wars.It is within walking distance of the Arlington Cemetery Metro Station.

The cemetery is spread over an area of over 612 acres and is the resting place for more than 200,000 veterans and their dependents of every bloody conflict that the US has faced till date.The site also has the eternal Flame at the gravesite of John F.Kennedy and his wife.

The Pentagon: This is the Headquarters of the Department of Defense of the United States and is considered to be a virtual powerhouse of activities.It is one of the largest office buildings in the world.The premises are a virtual city with 23,000 employees, both services and civilian, engaged in formulating plans and techniques for the security and defense of the country.

Carnton Plantation and the “Widow of the South” – The True Story

When Civil War historian and preservationist Robert Hicks released his book The Widow of the South in 2005, he fictionalized the story of Carrie McGavock, who turned acres of her family’s home, Carnton Plantation, into a cemetery for the Confederate dead after the second Battle of Franklin, Tennessee. A best-seller, Hicks’ novel brought a long-forgotten chapter in the story of the Civil War to a new generation of readers. Hicks’ novel is a work of fiction, but the real story of Carnton Plantation, Carrie McGavock and the cemetery she helmed is just as fascinating.

Carnton Plantation, located at Franklin, Tennessee, was constructed between 1815 and 1826 by former Nashville mayor Randal McGavock. Presidents James Polk and Andrew Jackson were both visitors to Carnton, which McGavock built the plantation on the site of a Revolutionary War land grant belonging to his father. Carnton originally consisted of around 1,420 acres.

Following Randal McGavock’s death in 1843, Carnton was passed to Randal McGavock’s son, John. In 1848, John wed his first cousin, Carrie Elizabeth Winder. The couple had five children, but lost three of them in childhood, leaving only two, Winder and Hattie, to survive into adulthood.

Carnton was the essence of a prosperous antebellum plantation; before the Civil War, the net worth of the McGavock family was $339,000, which adjusted for inflation, would be several million dollars in today’s currency. The plantation produced wheat, oats, corn, hay, potatoes, but was primarily a livestock plantation, raising cattle, hogs, and thoroughbred horses.

When the Civil War began, John McGavock, like many other planters, was exempted from service in the Confederate Army. He, Carrie, their two surviving children, and a handful of slaves – the remaining 30-odd slaves having been sent South to family plantations in Louisiana and Alabama – remained at Carnton. John was given the honorary title of “Colonel.”

The war came to Franklin, and near Carnton, twice; first in 1863, and then in 1864, during the second Battle of Franklin, the battle that would immortalize the McGavocks and Carnton as a shrine to the Confederate dead.

The second Battle of Franklin was fought right in the McGavock’s backyard – less than a mile from the house – on November 30, 1864. Confederate General John Bell Hood’s troops met those of Union General John McAllister Schofield in a bloody battle that dealt the Confederates a severe blow; Hood’s Confederate Army of Tennessee counted 7,000 men as casualties, among them 1,700 dead, while Schofield counted 2,300, with only around 200 dead.

Like many homes in the area, Carnton was used as a hospital after the battle. However, Carnton’s size meant that the plantation was host to more casualties than any other home in the area. As the battle wound down, hundreds of wounded men were brought to Carnton.

It has been estimated that at least 300 men were cared for inside the Carnton home, and that countless many more were cared for on the extensive grounds outside the house, in tents or in slave quarters, and in many cases, on the cold ground.

It was a horrific scene for Carrie McGavock and her children to witness, and to become a part of; McGavock and her children assisted in the care of the men brought to their home, a home that is stained today with the blood of the men who were brought there, blood that was soaked up by the lush carpets, only to stain the wood floors beneath. Carrie McGavock’s dresses were reportedly stained with blood at the hem for days to come, and the nursery became an operating room, with amputated limbs thrown out the window to stack a story high against the house.

Some 150 men died that first night at Carnton, for months, the McGavock family cared for others who remained in their home. Carrie McGavock nursed the men herself, changing bandages, tending to fevers, and writing letters home.

Are you a fan of the American Civil War?

Do you love reading about its history?

Sorting Out the 5 McCager Napier’s of Perry County, Kentucky

In June 1861, a small lad in Newark, Ohio gazed at Union troops marching through his town and despite his too young age, he wanted to join up and fight in the Civil War. The boy’s name was John Joseph Klem.

Earlier, Klem tried to enlist in the 3rd Ohio Infantry, but because of his age and small size, young Klem was turned away. Johnny Clem (he would be known by this name and spelling, later he would be called Johnny Shiloh, and officially he changed his name to John Lincoln Clem) was persistent with his desire to join the army, so he trailed along with the 22nd Massachusetts as it marched through Newark.

The 22nd Massachusetts made Clem its mascot and drummer boy. A sawed-off rifle and a small uniform were provided him, and officers of the Massachusetts unit pooled together to pay Johnny the regular soldier’s pay of thirteen dollars a month. Johnny was not yet even 10-years-old, but now he was a drummer (but, not necessarily a good one!), unofficially fighting for the Union.

Two years later, Johnny Clem would be allowed to enlist. On May 1, 1863 Johnny officially became a musician in Company C, 22nd Michigan. A nurse describes Johnny Clem; “was a fair and beautiful child…about twelve years old, but very small for his age. He was only about thirty inches high and weighed about sixty pounds.” Johnny Clem was one of the youngest soldiers for either the Union or Confederate armies, to fight in the Civil War. Johnny would go on to fame in the Civil War, and make the army his career.

It has been common for Johnny Clem to also be known as “Johnny Shiloh.” A story goes that young Clem was at the 1862 Shiloh battle and his drum was broken by an artillery projectile, and then he picked up a gun for the fight. This story was very popular and eventually a poem, a play, and a song were all named “The Drummer Boy of Shiloh.” Clem at Shiloh however, is questionable history.

There were others who claimed to be the actual “The Drummer Boy of Shiloh,” but a study by the National Park Service showed Clem to be the most likely one. Clem’s service indicates he was with the 3rd Ohio, the 22nd Michigan, and the 22nd Wisconsin. The trouble is, is that the 3rd Ohio was not at Shiloh, and the 22nd Michigan, and the 22nd Wisconsin were not organized until after Shiloh. At this time, Johnny Clem was not yet officially a soldier, he was a young boy dressed up as a soldier trying to play the drum. He would not have been reassigned to any units that were at Shiloh. This writer will leave it up to the reader to decide if Johnny Clem is also Johnny Shiloh. We will see that there is no reason to doubt Johnny Clem’s bravery.

At Chickamauga on September 20, 1863 Johnny Clem rode to the front of the battle on an artillery caisson, carrying along his cut-down rifle. As the course of the battle played out, the Union troops had to retreat and during this a Confederate colonel encountered young Clem and demanded his surrender. Johnny Clem halted as if to comply, but then raised his cut-down rifle at the enemy officer and fired, wounding him.

On learning of Johnny’s exploits, General George H. Thomas promoted Johnny to the rank of lance corporal. Newspapers told Johnny Clem’s story and he gained celebrity status, becoming known as “The Drummer Boy of Chickamauga.”

In October, 1863 Johnny Clem was detailed as a train guard in Georgia when Confederate cavalry captured him. Johnny was freed two months later during a prisoner exchange, but the Confederate newspapers used his capture to ridicule the Union with this barb; “what sore straits the Yankees are driven, when they have to send their babies to fight us.”

Johnny Clem was assigned to General Thomas’ staff as a mounted orderly in January, 1864. During the Atlanta Campaign, young Johnny was twice wounded. On September 19, 1864 he was discharged from the army. President Grant gave Johnny Clem an appointment to West Point, but Johnny had spent his youth and times as a soldier. His lack of formal education prevented him from passing the West Point entrance exam.

President Grant came through for Johnny Clem again by making him a second lieutenant of the 24th Infantry, a unit of black soldiers, in 1871. Johnny thus began his second army term. He advanced to the rank of colonel in the Quartermaster Corps. Clem was able to remain on active duty long enough to become the last Civil War veteran still on duty in the Armed Forces.

John Lincoln Clem completed his military career when he retired in 1916. At his retirement, a special act of Congress made him Major General John Clem. He passed away at age 85, and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.

A history of the Civil War is incomplete, unless it includes Johnny Clem’s story.